Savage, P. E. (Proposal submitted). Comparative musicology: The science of the world’s music.


Mullins, D. A.*, Hoyer, D.*, Collins, C., Currie, T., Fenney, K., François, P., Savage, P. E., Whitehouse, H., Turchin, P. (In press). A systematic assessment of ‘Axial Age’ proposals using global comparative historical evidence. American Sociological Review. (SocArXiv preprint)

Turchin, P., Currie, T. E., Whitehouse, H., Francois, P., Feeney, K., Mullins, D., Hoyer, D., Collins, C., Grohmann, S., Savage, P. E., Mendel-Gleason, G., Turner, E., Dupeyron, A., Cioni, E., Reddish, J., Levine, J., Jordan, G., Brandl, E., Williams, A., Cesaretti, R., Krueger, M., Cecceralli, A., Figliulo-Rosswurm, J., Peregrine, P., Marciniak, A., Preiser-Kapeller, J., Kradin, N., Korotayev, A., Palmisano, A., Baker, D., Bidmead, J., Bol, P., Christian, D., Cook, C., Covey, A., Feinman, G., Júlíusson, Á. D., Kristinsson, A., Miksic, J., Mostern, R., Petrie, C., Rudiak-Gould, P., ter Haar, B., Wallace, V., Mair, V., Xie, L., Baines, J., Bridges, E., Manning, J., Lockhart, B., Tuan, P.-J., Bogaard, A., Spencer, C. (2018). Quantitative historical analysis uncovers a single dimension of complexity that structures global variation in human social organizationProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 115(2), E144–E151. (See news coverage at places like The Evolution Institute and

Ellis, B. K., Hwang, H., Savage, P. E., Pan, B.-Y., Cohen, A., and Brown, S. (2018). Identifying style-types in a sample of musical improvisations using dimensional reduction and cluster analysis. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts 12(1), 110–122.

Savage, P.E., Tierney, A.T., & Patel, A.D. (2017). Global music recordings support the motor constraint hypothesis for human and avian song contourMusic Perception, 34(3), 327-334.

Savage, P.E., Brown, S., Sakai, E., & Currie, T.E. (2015). Statistical universals reveal the structures and functions of human music. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112(29), 8987–8992. (See PNAS commentary and news coverage at places like Quartz and NPR)

Savage, P.E., Matsumae, H., Oota, H., Stoneking, M., Currie, T.E., Tajima, A., Gillan, M., & Brown, S. (2015). How ‘circumpolar’ is Ainu music? Musical and genetic perspectives on the history of the Japanese archipelago. Ethnomusicology Forum 24(3), 443-467.

Savage, P. E., & Atkinson, Q. D. Automatic tune family identification by musical sequence alignment. (2015). Proceedings of the 16th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2015), 162-168.

Brown, S., Savage, P.E., Ko, A. M.-S., Stoneking, M., Ko, Y.-C., Loo, J.-H., & Trejaut, J.A. (2014). Correlations in the population structure of music, genes, and language. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1774), 20132072. (See news coverage at places like NBC News, SciencesNews, and ScienceDaily)

Savage, P.E. & Brown, S. (2014). Mapping music: Cluster analysis of song-type frequencies within and between cultures. Ethnomusicology, 58(1) 133-155.

Savage, P.E. & Brown, S. (2014). Pour une nouvelle musicologie comparée: Cinq champs de recherche, cinq débats essentiels. Anthropologie et Sociétés, 38(1) 193-216.

Takezawa, Y., Kato, K., Oota, H., Caulfield, T., Fujimoto, A., Honda, S., Kamatani, N., Kawamura, S., Kawashima, K., Kimura, R., Matsumae, H., Saito, A., Savage, P. E., Seguchi, N., Shimizu, K., Terao, S., Yamaguchi-Kabata, Y., Yasukouchi, A., Yoneda, M., Tokunaga, K. (2014). Human genetic research, race, ethnicity and the labeling of populations: Recommendations based on an interdisciplinary workshop in Japan. BMC Medical Ethics, 15(33). doi: 10.1186/1472-6939-15-33.

Savage, P.E. & Brown, S. (2013). Toward a new comparative musicology. Analytical Approaches to World Music, 2(2) 148-197. (See AAWM commentaries by Clarke, Grauer, and Locke)

Savage, P.E., Merritt, E., Rzeszutek, T., & Brown, S. (2012). CantoCore: A new cross-cultural song classification schemeAnalytical Approaches to World Music, 2(1), 87-137.

Rzeszutek, T., Savage, P. E., & Brown, S. (2012). The structure of cross-cultural musical diversityProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 279(1733), 1602-1612.


Savage, P. E., Cronin, C., Müllensiefen, D., & Atkinson, Q. D. (Submitted). Quantitative evaluation of music copyright infringement.

Savage, P. E. (Submitted). Cultural evolution of music.

Savage, P. E. (Submitted). Alan Lomax’s Cantometrics Project: A comprehensive review.

Whitehouse, H.*, François, P.*, Savage, P. E.*, Currie, T. E., Feeney, K. C., Cioni, E., Purcell, R., Ross, R. M., Larson, J., Baines, J., ter Haar, B., Covey, A., Turchin, P. (Submitted). Complex societies and doctrinal rituals precede moralizing gods throughout world history.

Collins, C., Oyebamiji, O. K., Edwards, N. R., Holden, P. B., Williams, A., Jordan, G, Turner, E., Mullins, D. A., Hoyer, D., Grohman, S., Savage, P. E., Mendel-Gleason, G., Feeney, K., François, P., Whitehouse, H., Turchin, P., Currie, T. (Submitted). Combining historical and archaeological data with crop models to estimate agricultural productivity in past societies.


Savage, P.E. (In press). Universals. In J. L. Sturman (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Music and Culture. SAGE Publications.

Savage, P. E. (In press). The need for global studies. In D. Shanahan, A. Burgoyne, & I. Quinn (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Music and Corpus Studies. New York: Oxford University Press.

Savage, P. E. (Submitted). “Solutions in Search of a Problem”: Commentary on Videira and Rosa (2017).

Cronin, C. & Savage, P. E. (Submitted). Give it up!: The “Blurred Lines” dispute
 and its harmful implications for music and musicians.

Savage, P. E. (Submitted). How science can improve music copyright.

Savage, P. E. & Currie, T. E. (Submitted). Music perception: No strong evidence to reject innate biases.

Savage, P. E. (2017). “Deep diversity” and other reflections on the inaugural Cultural Evolution Society conference. Seshat: Global History Databank blog.

Leroi, A., Mauch, M., Savage, P. E., Benetos, E., Bello, J., Panteli, M., Six, J., & Weyde, T. (2015). The deep history of music project. In Proceedings of the Folk Music Analysis 2015 Workshop (pp. 83–84).

Savage, P.E. (2017). 音楽の文化的進化を測る――ブリティッシュ・アメリカンと日本の民謡・ポップス・古典音楽の事例を通して [Measuring the cultural evolution of music: With case studies of British-American and Japanese folk, pop, and art music]. PhD dissertation in Musicology, Tokyo University of the Arts.

Savage, P.E. (2014). 音楽と遺伝子からみた日本列島への民族移動――アイヌ音楽の事例を中心に [Music, genes, and the peopling of Japan: With special reference to the music of the Ainu (in Japanese)]. MA thesis in Musicology, Tokyo University of the Arts.

Savage, P.E. (2011). Musical evolution and human migration: Classification, quantification, and application. MSc thesis in Psychology, McMaster University.